Personal independence payments

Personal Independence Payment (PIP) - FAQs

What is Personal Independence Payment?
Personal Independence Payment will replace Disability Living Allowance (DLA) for people of working age (this means people aged 16-64 on the day Personal Independence Payment is introduced) from April 2013.

It is designed to help towards some of the extra costs arising from having a long term condition (this means ill-health or disability expected to last 12 months or longer).

When can I make a new claim for Personal Independence Payment?
The DWP will begin by taking Personal Independence Payment claims in Salford from April 2013.

What is Personal Independence Payment made up of?
Personal Independence Payment will have a Daily Living component and a Mobility component. Awards will be made up of one or both of these components.

Each component will have two rates – standard and enhanced. The amount for each rate is still to be decided.

Awards of Personal Independence Payment will be based upon the circumstances of the individual and will look at the impact of the disability or health condition and the extent to which they are able to live independently and participate in society.

How long will I have to wait to qualify for Personal Independence Payment?
If you claim Personal Independence Payment for the first time there is a three month qualifying period (this is the period during which you have had a health condition or disability) and the needs arising from your condition or disability must be expected to last for a further nine months as well to qualify for the
new benefit.

If you are aged 16-64 and get DLA and apply for Personal Independence Payment you will not have to meet the three month qualifying period but will have to meet the prospective test (the need is expected to last for a further nine months).

A person with a terminal illness will be fast tracked on to a guaranteed payment of the enhanced rate of the Daily Living component of Personal Independence Payment without having to satisfy the qualifying period or the prospective test. They will also be able to apply for the Mobility component and receive that immediately if they qualify.

Will there be automatic entitlement to Personal Independence Payment for people with certain conditions like DLA?
No. Entitlement for the new benefit will not be based on what conditions or disabilities you have but on how these affect you.

Claimants will be assessed individually looking at your personal circumstances and the barriers you face.

The assessment for Personal Independence Payment will make greater use of evidence to accurately and consistently assess you and decide your entitlement. The only exception is for people who are terminally ill and who are not expected to live for more than six months. The DWP will deal with these claims quickly and the person will not need a face to face Consultation, or to fulfil the three month qualifying period.

I get DLA, will I be entitled to Personal Independence Payment?
There is no automatic transfer from DLA to Personal Independence Payment.

If you are already getting DLA you will need to make a claim for the new benefit when invited.

The DWP will write to you to let you know when you can make a claim to Personal Independence Payment and how to do that. Everyone will be individually assessed against the new entitlement criteria
(some people understand these as rules). Entitlement will depend on how your ability to carry out daily living and / or mobility activities is affected by your condition or disability. Entitlement will not depend on what health condition or disability you have.

The new benefit will have different entitlement criteria to those for DLA to better reflect today’s understanding of disability. The DWP expect that some people will receive more support, some broadly the same, others less and some will leave the benefit altogether.

I get DLA will I be told before I am reassessed for Personal Independence Payment?
Yes. All those of working age who get DLA will be asked whether they wish to claim Personal Independence Payment. The DWP will write to you to explain what will happen through the assessment process, how and where it will take place, what you need to do and what help is available to support you through the process.

I get DLA. When will I be asked to claim Personal Independence Payment?

Personal Independence Payment is being introduced from April 2013, so there will be no changes to your DLA benefit award before then.

I have a life /or indefinite award period for DLA, will I have to have an assessment even though my condition has not changed / is never going to change?
Yes, but not all these assessments will involve a face to face consultation.

If you are of working age (16 - 64 on the day that Personal Independence payment is introduced) and get DLA, the DWP will ask you if you want to claim Personal Independence Payment even if you have an indefinite award period. This is because the new benefit will have different entitlement criteria to those for DLA.

The DWP will write to you to explain what will happen through the assessment process, how and where it will take place, what you need to do and what help is available to support you through the process.

Most people will be asked to have a face to face consultation with a health professional, as part of their assessment.

People with the most severe health conditions or disabilities, or those who are terminally ill are unlikely to need to attend a face to face consultation. This will
be decided on a case by case basis.

How will my entitlement to Personal Independence Payment be assessed and decided?
The assessment for the new benefit is designed to help the DWP decide a person’s needs and benefit entitlement. It will involve health professionals considering your personal circumstances to understand how your condition or disabilities affect you.

The health professional will consider the evidence provided by you and any professional that may support you on a regular basis. Most people will also be asked to a face to face consultation with this health professional as part of the claim process.

The health professional will provide advice to a benefit decision maker at the Department for Work and Pensions. The benefit decision maker will then use all of this information to decide your entitlement to Personal Independence Payment.